Saturday, January 26, 2013

A's Writing Week 23

Science: Whales

     The Polar Seas are the home for a wide range of whales. The biggest animal in the whole world is the blue whale. Blue Whales are now endangered animals because people used to hunt them for their popular whale oil.
     Gray Whales make the longest migration trips than any other whale. They start at the coasts of California and Mexico and then travel to Alaska. They stay in Alaska for the summer then California and Mexico in the winter. It’s a round trip of about 12,000 miles.
     The Sperm Whale can easily dive down more than 1,150 feet down in the water. They can stay under for more than 10 minutes. The longest recorded time a Sperm Whale dive was 90 minutes. Some dives sometimes reach 10,000 feet down.
     Some whales filter their food with fringed brushes called baleen. The Baleen is stored in their mouth. Like finger nails, Baleen is made of a substance called Keratin. Right Whales, Gray Whales, Humpback Whales, and Blue Whales all have Baleen.
     The killer whale is the most dangerous whale in the polar seas. Killer Whales, or Orcas, group into packs of 4-40 whales that hunt together. They are the fastest mammals in the sea; reaching up to 35 mph. the killer whales diet includes Fish, Seals, Penguins, and other whales. Even the Blue Whale, the largest animal in the world, is not safe from Orcas.    

   History: New Mexico Pt 2
     In 1821, when Mexico won independence from Spain, they created the Santa Fe Trail. By 1840, hundreds of wagons were tackling the Santa Fe Trail. Horses, Mules, and Oxen pulled the wagons. It was a very hard and dangerous journey.
     By the time the wagons got to New Mexico, there were already many traders there. There were New Mexicans, American traders, and French mountain men. There were many Indians too, which included Pueblo, Navajo, and Apache. Santa fe became the main center of trade for the New Mexicans.
     The American government wanted all of Mexico to be part of America. When the Mexicans refused, the United States went to war in 1845. Some New Mexicans feared that all their traditions would be lost if they became part of America. Others believed they would have a better future under the new American government
     In 1846, American soldiers marched through New Mexico, without fighting, and claimed New Mexico as the United States. The war finally ended in 1848. The Americans had taken five hundred thousand square miles of land that had belonged to Mexicans.
     By 1890, most New Mexican women had adopted American fashions. On February 9, 1880, the first train steamed into Santa Fe, following the Santa Fe Trail. The train brought thousands of tourists who came to see the art and cultures of New Mexico.

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